3 Things to Know about Bitcoin Confirmations (2020 Updated)

Technical: Taproot: Why Activate?

This is a follow-up on https://old.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/hqzp14/technical_the_path_to_taproot_activation/
Taproot! Everybody wants it!! But... you might ask yourself: sure, everybody else wants it, but why would I, sovereign Bitcoin HODLer, want it? Surely I can be better than everybody else because I swapped XXX fiat for Bitcoin unlike all those nocoiners?
And it is important for you to know the reasons why you, o sovereign Bitcoiner, would want Taproot activated. After all, your nodes (or the nodes your wallets use, which if you are SPV, you hopefully can pester to your wallet vendoimplementor about) need to be upgraded in order for Taproot activation to actually succeed instead of becoming a hot sticky mess.
First, let's consider some principles of Bitcoin.
I'm sure most of us here would agree that the above are very important principles of Bitcoin and that these are principles we would not be willing to remove. If anything, we would want those principles strengthened (especially the last one, financial privacy, which current Bitcoin is only sporadically strong with: you can get privacy, it just requires effort to do so).
So, how does Taproot affect those principles?

Taproot and Your /Coins

Most HODLers probably HODL their coins in singlesig addresses. Sadly, switching to Taproot would do very little for you (it gives a mild discount at spend time, at the cost of a mild increase in fee at receive time (paid by whoever sends to you, so if it's a self-send from a P2PKH or bech32 address, you pay for this); mostly a wash).
(technical details: a Taproot output is 1 version byte + 32 byte public key, while a P2WPKH (bech32 singlesig) output is 1 version byte + 20 byte public key hash, so the Taproot output spends 12 bytes more; spending from a P2WPKH requires revealing a 32-byte public key later, which is not needed with Taproot, and Taproot signatures are about 9 bytes smaller than P2WPKH signatures, but the 32 bytes plus 9 bytes is divided by 4 because of the witness discount, so it saves about 11 bytes; mostly a wash, it increases blockweight by about 1 virtual byte, 4 weight for each Taproot-output-input, compared to P2WPKH-output-input).
However, as your HODLings grow in value, you might start wondering if multisignature k-of-n setups might be better for the security of your savings. And it is in multisignature that Taproot starts to give benefits!
Taproot switches to using Schnorr signing scheme. Schnorr makes key aggregation -- constructing a single public key from multiple public keys -- almost as trivial as adding numbers together. "Almost" because it involves some fairly advanced math instead of simple boring number adding, but hey when was the last time you added up your grocery list prices by hand huh?
With current P2SH and P2WSH multisignature schemes, if you have a 2-of-3 setup, then to spend, you need to provide two different signatures from two different public keys. With Taproot, you can create, using special moon math, a single public key that represents your 2-of-3 setup. Then you just put two of your devices together, have them communicate to each other (this can be done airgapped, in theory, by sending QR codes: the software to do this is not even being built yet, but that's because Taproot hasn't activated yet!), and they will make a single signature to authorize any spend from your 2-of-3 address. That's 73 witness bytes -- 18.25 virtual bytes -- of signatures you save!
And if you decide that your current setup with 1-of-1 P2PKH / P2WPKH addresses is just fine as-is: well, that's the whole point of a softfork: backwards-compatibility; you can receive from Taproot users just fine, and once your wallet is updated for Taproot-sending support, you can send to Taproot users just fine as well!
(P2WPKH and P2WSH -- SegWit v0 -- addresses start with bc1q; Taproot -- SegWit v1 --- addresses start with bc1p, in case you wanted to know the difference; in bech32 q is 0, p is 1)
Now how about HODLers who keep all, or some, of their coins on custodial services? Well, any custodial service worth its salt would be doing at least 2-of-3, or probably something even bigger, like 11-of-15. So your custodial service, if it switched to using Taproot internally, could save a lot more (imagine an 11-of-15 getting reduced from 11 signatures to just 1!), which --- we can only hope! --- should translate to lower fees and better customer service from your custodial service!
So I think we can say, very accurately, that the Bitcoin principle --- that YOU are in control of your money --- can only be helped by Taproot (if you are doing multisignature), and, because P2PKH and P2WPKH remain validly-usable addresses in a Taproot future, will not be harmed by Taproot. Its benefit to this principle might be small (it mostly only benefits multisignature users) but since it has no drawbacks with this (i.e. singlesig users can continue to use P2WPKH and P2PKH still) this is still a nice, tidy win!
(even singlesig users get a minor benefit, in that multisig users will now reduce their blockchain space footprint, so that fees can be kept low for everybody; so for example even if you have your single set of private keys engraved on titanium plates sealed in an airtight box stored in a safe buried in a desert protected by angry nomads riding giant sandworms because you're the frickin' Kwisatz Haderach, you still gain some benefit from Taproot)
And here's the important part: if P2PKH/P2WPKH is working perfectly fine with you and you decide to never use Taproot yourself, Taproot will not affect you detrimentally. First do no harm!

Taproot and Your Contracts

No one is an island, no one lives alone. Give and you shall receive. You know: by trading with other people, you can gain expertise in some obscure little necessity of the world (and greatly increase your productivity in that little field), and then trade the products of your expertise for necessities other people have created, all of you thereby gaining gains from trade.
So, contracts, which are basically enforceable agreements that facilitate trading with people who you do not personally know and therefore might not trust.
Let's start with a simple example. You want to buy some gewgaws from somebody. But you don't know them personally. The seller wants the money, you want their gewgaws, but because of the lack of trust (you don't know them!! what if they're scammers??) neither of you can benefit from gains from trade.
However, suppose both of you know of some entity that both of you trust. That entity can act as a trusted escrow. The entity provides you security: this enables the trade, allowing both of you to get gains from trade.
In Bitcoin-land, this can be implemented as a 2-of-3 multisignature. The three signatories in the multisgnature would be you, the gewgaw seller, and the escrow. You put the payment for the gewgaws into this 2-of-3 multisignature address.
Now, suppose it turns out neither of you are scammers (whaaaat!). You receive the gewgaws just fine and you're willing to pay up for them. Then you and the gewgaw seller just sign a transaction --- you and the gewgaw seller are 2, sufficient to trigger the 2-of-3 --- that spends from the 2-of-3 address to a singlesig the gewgaw seller wants (or whatever address the gewgaw seller wants).
But suppose some problem arises. The seller gave you gawgews instead of gewgaws. Or you decided to keep the gewgaws but not sign the transaction to release the funds to the seller. In either case, the escrow is notified, and if it can sign with you to refund the funds back to you (if the seller was a scammer) or it can sign with the seller to forward the funds to the seller (if you were a scammer).
Taproot helps with this: like mentioned above, it allows multisignature setups to produce only one signature, reducing blockchain space usage, and thus making contracts --- which require multiple people, by definition, you don't make contracts with yourself --- is made cheaper (which we hope enables more of these setups to happen for more gains from trade for everyone, also, moon and lambos).
(technology-wise, it's easier to make an n-of-n than a k-of-n, making a k-of-n would require a complex setup involving a long ritual with many communication rounds between the n participants, but an n-of-n can be done trivially with some moon math. You can, however, make what is effectively a 2-of-3 by using a three-branch SCRIPT: either 2-of-2 of you and seller, OR 2-of-2 of you and escrow, OR 2-of-2 of escrow and seller. Fortunately, Taproot adds a facility to embed a SCRIPT inside a public key, so you can have a 2-of-2 Taprooted address (between you and seller) with a SCRIPT branch that can instead be spent with 2-of-2 (you + escrow) OR 2-of-2 (seller + escrow), which implements the three-branched SCRIPT above. If neither of you are scammers (hopefully the common case) then you both sign using your keys and never have to contact the escrow, since you are just using the escrow public key without coordinating with them (because n-of-n is trivial but k-of-n requires setup with communication rounds), so in the "best case" where both of you are honest traders, you also get a privacy boost, in that the escrow never learns you have been trading on gewgaws, I mean ewww, gawgews are much better than gewgaws and therefore I now judge you for being a gewgaw enthusiast, you filthy gewgawer).

Taproot and Your Contracts, Part 2: Cryptographic Boogaloo

Now suppose you want to buy some data instead of things. For example, maybe you have some closed-source software in trial mode installed, and want to pay the developer for the full version. You want to pay for an activation code.
This can be done, today, by using an HTLC. The developer tells you the hash of the activation code. You pay to an HTLC, paying out to the developer if it reveals the preimage (the activation code), or refunding the money back to you after a pre-agreed timeout. If the developer claims the funds, it has to reveal the preimage, which is the activation code, and you can now activate your software. If the developer does not claim the funds by the timeout, you get refunded.
And you can do that, with HTLCs, today.
Of course, HTLCs do have problems:
Fortunately, with Schnorr (which is enabled by Taproot), we can now use the Scriptless Script constuction by Andrew Poelstra. This Scriptless Script allows a new construction, the PTLC or Pointlocked Timelocked Contract. Instead of hashes and preimages, just replace "hash" with "point" and "preimage" with "scalar".
Or as you might know them: "point" is really "public key" and "scalar" is really a "private key". What a PTLC does is that, given a particular public key, the pointlocked branch can be spent only if the spender reveals the private key of the given public key to you.
Another nice thing with PTLCs is that they are deniable. What appears onchain is just a single 2-of-2 signature between you and the developemanufacturer. It's like a magic trick. This signature has no special watermarks, it's a perfectly normal signature (the pledge). However, from this signature, plus some datta given to you by the developemanufacturer (known as the adaptor signature) you can derive the private key of a particular public key you both agree on (the turn). Anyone scraping the blockchain will just see signatures that look just like every other signature, and as long as nobody manages to hack you and get a copy of the adaptor signature or the private key, they cannot get the private key behind the public key (point) that the pointlocked branch needs (the prestige).
(Just to be clear, the public key you are getting the private key from, is distinct from the public key that the developemanufacturer will use for its funds. The activation key is different from the developer's onchain Bitcoin key, and it is the activation key whose private key you will be learning, not the developer's/manufacturer's onchain Bitcoin key).
So:
Taproot lets PTLCs exist onchain because they enable Schnorr, which is a requirement of PTLCs / Scriptless Script.
(technology-wise, take note that Scriptless Script works only for the "pointlocked" branch of the contract; you need normal Script, or a pre-signed nLockTimed transaction, for the "timelocked" branch. Since Taproot can embed a script, you can have the Taproot pubkey be a 2-of-2 to implement the Scriptless Script "pointlocked" branch, then have a hidden script that lets you recover the funds with an OP_CHECKLOCKTIMEVERIFY after the timeout if the seller does not claim the funds.)

Quantum Quibbles!

Now if you were really paying attention, you might have noticed this parenthetical:
(technical details: a Taproot output is 1 version byte + 32 byte public key, while a P2WPKH (bech32 singlesig) output is 1 version byte + 20 byte public key hash...)
So wait, Taproot uses raw 32-byte public keys, and not public key hashes? Isn't that more quantum-vulnerable??
Well, in theory yes. In practice, they probably are not.
It's not that hashes can be broken by quantum computes --- they're still not. Instead, you have to look at how you spend from a P2WPKH/P2PKH pay-to-public-key-hash.
When you spend from a P2PKH / P2WPKH, you have to reveal the public key. Then Bitcoin hashes it and checks if this matches with the public-key-hash, and only then actually validates the signature for that public key.
So an unconfirmed transaction, floating in the mempools of nodes globally, will show, in plain sight for everyone to see, your public key.
(public keys should be public, that's why they're called public keys, LOL)
And if quantum computers are fast enough to be of concern, then they are probably fast enough that, in the several minutes to several hours from broadcast to confirmation, they have already cracked the public key that is openly broadcast with your transaction. The owner of the quantum computer can now replace your unconfirmed transaction with one that pays the funds to itself. Even if you did not opt-in RBF, miners are still incentivized to support RBF on RBF-disabled transactions.
So the extra hash is not as significant a protection against quantum computers as you might think. Instead, the extra hash-and-compare needed is just extra validation effort.
Further, if you have ever, in the past, spent from the address, then there exists already a transaction indelibly stored on the blockchain, openly displaying the public key from which quantum computers can derive the private key. So those are still vulnerable to quantum computers.
For the most part, the cryptographers behind Taproot (and Bitcoin Core) are of the opinion that quantum computers capable of cracking Bitcoin pubkeys are unlikely to appear within a decade or two.
So:
For now, the homomorphic and linear properties of elliptic curve cryptography provide a lot of benefits --- particularly the linearity property is what enables Scriptless Script and simple multisignature (i.e. multisignatures that are just 1 signature onchain). So it might be a good idea to take advantage of them now while we are still fairly safe against quantum computers. It seems likely that quantum-safe signature schemes are nonlinear (thus losing these advantages).

Summary

I Wanna Be The Taprooter!

So, do you want to help activate Taproot? Here's what you, mister sovereign Bitcoin HODLer, can do!

But I Hate Taproot!!

That's fine!

Discussions About Taproot Activation

submitted by almkglor to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

[ Bitcoin ] Technical: Taproot: Why Activate?

Topic originally posted in Bitcoin by almkglor [link]
This is a follow-up on https://old.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/hqzp14/technical_the_path_to_taproot_activation/
Taproot! Everybody wants it!! But... you might ask yourself: sure, everybody else wants it, but why would I, sovereign Bitcoin HODLer, want it? Surely I can be better than everybody else because I swapped XXX fiat for Bitcoin unlike all those nocoiners?
And it is important for you to know the reasons why you, o sovereign Bitcoiner, would want Taproot activated. After all, your nodes (or the nodes your wallets use, which if you are SPV, you hopefully can pester to your wallet vendoimplementor about) need to be upgraded in order for Taproot activation to actually succeed instead of becoming a hot sticky mess.
First, let's consider some principles of Bitcoin.
I'm sure most of us here would agree that the above are very important principles of Bitcoin and that these are principles we would not be willing to remove. If anything, we would want those principles strengthened (especially the last one, financial privacy, which current Bitcoin is only sporadically strong with: you can get privacy, it just requires effort to do so).
So, how does Taproot affect those principles?

Taproot and Your /Coins

Most HODLers probably HODL their coins in singlesig addresses. Sadly, switching to Taproot would do very little for you (it gives a mild discount at spend time, at the cost of a mild increase in fee at receive time (paid by whoever sends to you, so if it's a self-send from a P2PKH or bech32 address, you pay for this); mostly a wash).
(technical details: a Taproot output is 1 version byte + 32 byte public key, while a P2WPKH (bech32 singlesig) output is 1 version byte + 20 byte public key hash, so the Taproot output spends 12 bytes more; spending from a P2WPKH requires revealing a 32-byte public key later, which is not needed with Taproot, and Taproot signatures are about 9 bytes smaller than P2WPKH signatures, but the 32 bytes plus 9 bytes is divided by 4 because of the witness discount, so it saves about 11 bytes; mostly a wash, it increases blockweight by about 1 virtual byte, 4 weight for each Taproot-output-input, compared to P2WPKH-output-input).
However, as your HODLings grow in value, you might start wondering if multisignature k-of-n setups might be better for the security of your savings. And it is in multisignature that Taproot starts to give benefits!
Taproot switches to using Schnorr signing scheme. Schnorr makes key aggregation -- constructing a single public key from multiple public keys -- almost as trivial as adding numbers together. "Almost" because it involves some fairly advanced math instead of simple boring number adding, but hey when was the last time you added up your grocery list prices by hand huh?
With current P2SH and P2WSH multisignature schemes, if you have a 2-of-3 setup, then to spend, you need to provide two different signatures from two different public keys. With Taproot, you can create, using special moon math, a single public key that represents your 2-of-3 setup. Then you just put two of your devices together, have them communicate to each other (this can be done airgapped, in theory, by sending QR codes: the software to do this is not even being built yet, but that's because Taproot hasn't activated yet!), and they will make a single signature to authorize any spend from your 2-of-3 address. That's 73 witness bytes -- 18.25 virtual bytes -- of signatures you save!
And if you decide that your current setup with 1-of-1 P2PKH / P2WPKH addresses is just fine as-is: well, that's the whole point of a softfork: backwards-compatibility; you can receive from Taproot users just fine, and once your wallet is updated for Taproot-sending support, you can send to Taproot users just fine as well!
(P2WPKH and P2WSH -- SegWit v0 -- addresses start with bc1q; Taproot -- SegWit v1 --- addresses start with bc1p, in case you wanted to know the difference; in bech32 q is 0, p is 1)
Now how about HODLers who keep all, or some, of their coins on custodial services? Well, any custodial service worth its salt would be doing at least 2-of-3, or probably something even bigger, like 11-of-15. So your custodial service, if it switched to using Taproot internally, could save a lot more (imagine an 11-of-15 getting reduced from 11 signatures to just 1!), which --- we can only hope! --- should translate to lower fees and better customer service from your custodial service!
So I think we can say, very accurately, that the Bitcoin principle --- that YOU are in control of your money --- can only be helped by Taproot (if you are doing multisignature), and, because P2PKH and P2WPKH remain validly-usable addresses in a Taproot future, will not be harmed by Taproot. Its benefit to this principle might be small (it mostly only benefits multisignature users) but since it has no drawbacks with this (i.e. singlesig users can continue to use P2WPKH and P2PKH still) this is still a nice, tidy win!
(even singlesig users get a minor benefit, in that multisig users will now reduce their blockchain space footprint, so that fees can be kept low for everybody; so for example even if you have your single set of private keys engraved on titanium plates sealed in an airtight box stored in a safe buried in a desert protected by angry nomads riding giant sandworms because you're the frickin' Kwisatz Haderach, you still gain some benefit from Taproot)
And here's the important part: if P2PKH/P2WPKH is working perfectly fine with you and you decide to never use Taproot yourself, Taproot will not affect you detrimentally. First do no harm!

Taproot and Your Contracts

No one is an island, no one lives alone. Give and you shall receive. You know: by trading with other people, you can gain expertise in some obscure little necessity of the world (and greatly increase your productivity in that little field), and then trade the products of your expertise for necessities other people have created, all of you thereby gaining gains from trade.
So, contracts, which are basically enforceable agreements that facilitate trading with people who you do not personally know and therefore might not trust.
Let's start with a simple example. You want to buy some gewgaws from somebody. But you don't know them personally. The seller wants the money, you want their gewgaws, but because of the lack of trust (you don't know them!! what if they're scammers??) neither of you can benefit from gains from trade.
However, suppose both of you know of some entity that both of you trust. That entity can act as a trusted escrow. The entity provides you security: this enables the trade, allowing both of you to get gains from trade.
In Bitcoin-land, this can be implemented as a 2-of-3 multisignature. The three signatories in the multisgnature would be you, the gewgaw seller, and the escrow. You put the payment for the gewgaws into this 2-of-3 multisignature address.
Now, suppose it turns out neither of you are scammers (whaaaat!). You receive the gewgaws just fine and you're willing to pay up for them. Then you and the gewgaw seller just sign a transaction --- you and the gewgaw seller are 2, sufficient to trigger the 2-of-3 --- that spends from the 2-of-3 address to a singlesig the gewgaw seller wants (or whatever address the gewgaw seller wants).
But suppose some problem arises. The seller gave you gawgews instead of gewgaws. Or you decided to keep the gewgaws but not sign the transaction to release the funds to the seller. In either case, the escrow is notified, and if it can sign with you to refund the funds back to you (if the seller was a scammer) or it can sign with the seller to forward the funds to the seller (if you were a scammer).
Taproot helps with this: like mentioned above, it allows multisignature setups to produce only one signature, reducing blockchain space usage, and thus making contracts --- which require multiple people, by definition, you don't make contracts with yourself --- is made cheaper (which we hope enables more of these setups to happen for more gains from trade for everyone, also, moon and lambos).
(technology-wise, it's easier to make an n-of-n than a k-of-n, making a k-of-n would require a complex setup involving a long ritual with many communication rounds between the n participants, but an n-of-n can be done trivially with some moon math. You can, however, make what is effectively a 2-of-3 by using a three-branch SCRIPT: either 2-of-2 of you and seller, OR 2-of-2 of you and escrow, OR 2-of-2 of escrow and seller. Fortunately, Taproot adds a facility to embed a SCRIPT inside a public key, so you can have a 2-of-2 Taprooted address (between you and seller) with a SCRIPT branch that can instead be spent with 2-of-2 (you + escrow) OR 2-of-2 (seller + escrow), which implements the three-branched SCRIPT above. If neither of you are scammers (hopefully the common case) then you both sign using your keys and never have to contact the escrow, since you are just using the escrow public key without coordinating with them (because n-of-n is trivial but k-of-n requires setup with communication rounds), so in the "best case" where both of you are honest traders, you also get a privacy boost, in that the escrow never learns you have been trading on gewgaws, I mean ewww, gawgews are much better than gewgaws and therefore I now judge you for being a gewgaw enthusiast, you filthy gewgawer).

Taproot and Your Contracts, Part 2: Cryptographic Boogaloo

Now suppose you want to buy some data instead of things. For example, maybe you have some closed-source software in trial mode installed, and want to pay the developer for the full version. You want to pay for an activation code.
This can be done, today, by using an HTLC. The developer tells you the hash of the activation code. You pay to an HTLC, paying out to the developer if it reveals the preimage (the activation code), or refunding the money back to you after a pre-agreed timeout. If the developer claims the funds, it has to reveal the preimage, which is the activation code, and you can now activate your software. If the developer does not claim the funds by the timeout, you get refunded.
And you can do that, with HTLCs, today.
Of course, HTLCs do have problems:
Fortunately, with Schnorr (which is enabled by Taproot), we can now use the Scriptless Script constuction by Andrew Poelstra. This Scriptless Script allows a new construction, the PTLC or Pointlocked Timelocked Contract. Instead of hashes and preimages, just replace "hash" with "point" and "preimage" with "scalar".
Or as you might know them: "point" is really "public key" and "scalar" is really a "private key". What a PTLC does is that, given a particular public key, the pointlocked branch can be spent only if the spender reveals the private key of the given private key to you.
Another nice thing with PTLCs is that they are deniable. What appears onchain is just a single 2-of-2 signature between you and the developemanufacturer. It's like a magic trick. This signature has no special watermarks, it's a perfectly normal signature (the pledge). However, from this signature, plus some datta given to you by the developemanufacturer (known as the adaptor signature) you can derive the private key of a particular public key you both agree on (the turn). Anyone scraping the blockchain will just see signatures that look just like every other signature, and as long as nobody manages to hack you and get a copy of the adaptor signature or the private key, they cannot get the private key behind the public key (point) that the pointlocked branch needs (the prestige).
(Just to be clear, the public key you are getting the private key from, is distinct from the public key that the developemanufacturer will use for its funds. The activation key is different from the developer's onchain Bitcoin key, and it is the activation key whose private key you will be learning, not the developer's/manufacturer's onchain Bitcoin key).
So:
Taproot lets PTLCs exist onchain because they enable Schnorr, which is a requirement of PTLCs / Scriptless Script.
(technology-wise, take note that Scriptless Script works only for the "pointlocked" branch of the contract; you need normal Script, or a pre-signed nLockTimed transaction, for the "timelocked" branch. Since Taproot can embed a script, you can have the Taproot pubkey be a 2-of-2 to implement the Scriptless Script "pointlocked" branch, then have a hidden script that lets you recover the funds with an OP_CHECKLOCKTIMEVERIFY after the timeout if the seller does not claim the funds.)

Quantum Quibbles!

Now if you were really paying attention, you might have noticed this parenthetical:
(technical details: a Taproot output is 1 version byte + 32 byte public key, while a P2WPKH (bech32 singlesig) output is 1 version byte + 20 byte public key hash...)
So wait, Taproot uses raw 32-byte public keys, and not public key hashes? Isn't that more quantum-vulnerable??
Well, in theory yes. In practice, they probably are not.
It's not that hashes can be broken by quantum computes --- they're still not. Instead, you have to look at how you spend from a P2WPKH/P2PKH pay-to-public-key-hash.
When you spend from a P2PKH / P2WPKH, you have to reveal the public key. Then Bitcoin hashes it and checks if this matches with the public-key-hash, and only then actually validates the signature for that public key.
So an unconfirmed transaction, floating in the mempools of nodes globally, will show, in plain sight for everyone to see, your public key.
(public keys should be public, that's why they're called public keys, LOL)
And if quantum computers are fast enough to be of concern, then they are probably fast enough that, in the several minutes to several hours from broadcast to confirmation, they have already cracked the public key that is openly broadcast with your transaction. The owner of the quantum computer can now replace your unconfirmed transaction with one that pays the funds to itself. Even if you did not opt-in RBF, miners are still incentivized to support RBF on RBF-disabled transactions.
So the extra hash is not as significant a protection against quantum computers as you might think. Instead, the extra hash-and-compare needed is just extra validation effort.
Further, if you have ever, in the past, spent from the address, then there exists already a transaction indelibly stored on the blockchain, openly displaying the public key from which quantum computers can derive the private key. So those are still vulnerable to quantum computers.
For the most part, the cryptographers behind Taproot (and Bitcoin Core) are of the opinion that quantum computers capable of cracking Bitcoin pubkeys are unlikely to appear within a decade or two.
So:
For now, the homomorphic and linear properties of elliptic curve cryptography provide a lot of benefits --- particularly the linearity property is what enables Scriptless Script and simple multisignature (i.e. multisignatures that are just 1 signature onchain). So it might be a good idea to take advantage of them now while we are still fairly safe against quantum computers. It seems likely that quantum-safe signature schemes are nonlinear (thus losing these advantages).

Summary

I Wanna Be The Taprooter!

So, do you want to help activate Taproot? Here's what you, mister sovereign Bitcoin HODLer, can do!

But I Hate Taproot!!

That's fine!

Discussions About Taproot Activation

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DDDD - The Rise of “Buy the Dip” Retail Investors and Why Another Crash Is Imminent

DDDD - The Rise of “Buy the Dip” Retail Investors and Why Another Crash Is Imminent
In this week's edition of DDDD (Data-driven DD), I'll be going over the real reason why we have been seeing a rally for the past few weeks, defying all logic and fundamentals - retail investors. We'll look into several data sets to see how retail interest in stock markets have reached record levels in the past few weeks, how this affected stock prices, and why we've most likely seen the top at this point, unless we see one of the "positive catalysts" that I mentioned in my previous post, which is unlikely (except for more news about Remdesivir).
Disclaimer - This is not financial advice, and a lot of the content below is my personal opinion. In fact, the numbers, facts, or explanations presented below could be wrong and be made up. Don't buy random options because some person on the internet says so; look at what happened to all the SPY 220p 4/17 bag holders. Do your own research and come to your own conclusions on what you should do with your own money, and how levered you want to be based on your personal risk tolerance.
Inspiration
Most people who know me personally know that I spend an unhealthy amount of my free time in finance and trading as a hobby, even competing in paper options trading competitions when I was in high school. A few weeks ago, I had a friend ask if he could call me because he just installed Robinhood and wanted to buy SPY puts after seeing everyone on wallstreetbets post gains posts from all the tendies they’ve made from their SPY puts. The problem was, he actually didn’t understand how options worked at all, and needed a thorough explanation about how options are priced, what strike prices and expiration dates mean, and what the right strategy to buying options are. That’s how I knew we were at the euphoria stage of buying SPY puts - it’s when dumb money starts to pour in, and people start buying securities because they see everyone else making money and they want in, even if they have no idea what they’re buying, and price becomes dislocated from fundementals. Sure enough, less than a week later, we started the bull rally that we are currently in. Bubbles are formed when people buy something not because of logic or even gut feeling, but when people who previously weren’t involved see their dumb neighbors make tons of money from it, and they don’t want to miss out.
A few days ago, I started getting questions from other friends about what stocks they should buy and if I thought something was a good investment. That inspired me to dig a bit deeper to see how many other people are thinking the same thing.
Data
Ever since March, we’ve seen an unprecedented amount of money pour into the stock market from retail investors.
Google Search Trends
\"what stock should I buy\" Google Trends 2004 - 2020
\"what stock should I buy\" Google Trends 12 months
\"stocks\" Google Trends 2004 - 2020
\"stocks\" Google Trends 12 months
Brokerage data
Robinhood SPY holders
\"Robinhood\" Google Trends 12 months
wallstreetbets' favorite broker Google Trends 12 months
Excerpt from E*Trade earnings statement
Excerpt from Schwab earnings statement
TD Ameritrade Excerpt
Media
cnbc.com Alexa rank
CNBC viewership & rankings
wallstreetbets comments / day

investing comments / day
Analysis
What we can see from Reddit numbers, Google Trends, and CNBC stats is that in between the first week of March and first week of April, we see a massive inflow of retail interest in the stock market. Not only that, but this inflow of interest is coming from all age cohorts, from internet-using Zoomers to TV-watching Boomers. Robinhood SPY holdings and earnings reports from E*Trade, TD Ameritrade, and Schwab have also all confirmed record numbers of new clients, number of trades, and assets. There’s something interesting going on if you look closer at the numbers. The numbers growth in brokers for designed for “less sophisticated” investors (i.e. Robinhood and E*Trade) are much larger than for real brokers (i.e. Schwab and Ameritrade). This implies that the record number of new users and trade volume is coming from dumb money. The numbers shown here only really apply to the US and Canada, but there’s also data to suggest that there’s also record numbers of foreign investors pouring money into the US stock market as well.
However, after the third week of March, we see the interest start to slowly decline and plateau, indicating that we probably have seen most of those new investors who wanted to have a long position in the market do so.
SPX daily
Rationale
Pretty much everything past this point is purely speculation, and isn’t really backed up by any solid data so take whatever I say here with a cup of salt. We could see from the graph that new investor interest started with the first bull trap we saw in the initial decline from early March, and peaking right after the end of the crash in March. So it would be fair to guess that we’re seeing a record amount of interest in the stock market from a “buy the dip” mentality, especially from Robinhood-using Millennials. Here’s a few points on my rationalization of this behavior, based on very weak anecdotal evidence
  • They missed out of their chance of getting in the stock market at the start of the bull market that happened at the end of 2009
  • They’ve all seen the stock market make record gains throughout their adult lives, but believing that the market might be overheated, they were waiting for a crash
  • Most of them have gotten towards the stage of their lives where they actually have some savings and can finally put some money aside for investments
  • This stock market crash seems like their once-in-a-decade opportunity that they’ve been waiting for, so everyone jumped in
  • Everyone’s stuck at their homes with vast amounts of unexpected free time on their hands
Most of these new investors got their first taste in the market near the bottom, and probably made some nice returns. Of course, since they didn’t know what they were doing, they probably put a very small amount of money at first, but after seeing a 10% return over one week, validating that maybe they do know something, they decide to slowly pour in more and more of their life savings. That’s what’s been fueling this bull market.
Sentiment & Magic Crayons
As I mentioned previously, this bull rally will keep going until enough bears convert to bulls. Markets go up when the amount of new bullish positions outnumber the amount of new bearish positions, and vice versa. Record amounts of new investors, who previously never held a position in the market before, fueled the bullish side of this equation, despite all the negative data that has come out and dislocating the price from fundamentals. All the smart money that was shorting the markets saw this happening, and flipped to become bulls because you don’t fight the trend, even if the trend doesn’t reflect reality.
From the data shown above, we can see new investor interest growth has started declining since mid March and started stagnating in early April. The declining volume in SPY since mid-March confirms this. That means, once the sentiment of the new retail investors starts to turn bearish, and everyone figures out how much the stocks they’re holding are really worth, another sell-off will begin. I’ve seen something very similar to this a few years ago with Bitcoin. Near the end of 2017, Bitcoin started to become mainstream and saw a flood of retail investors suddenly signing up for Coinbase (i.e. Robinhood) accounts and buying Bitcoin without actually understanding what it is and how it works. Suddenly everyone, from co-workers to grandparents, starts talking about Bitcoin and might have thrown a few thousand dollars into it. This appears to be a very similar parallel to what’s going on right now. Of course there’s differences here in that equities have an intrinsic value, although many of them have gone way above what they should be intrinsically worth, and the vast majority of retail investors don’t understand how to value companies. Then, during December, when people started thinking that the market was getting a bit overheated, some started taking their profits, and that’s when the prices crashed violently. This flip in sentiment now look like it has started with equities.
SPY daily
Technical Analysis, or magic crayons, is a discipline in finance that uses statistical analysis to predict market trends based on market sentiment. Of course, a lot of this is hand-wavy and is very subjective; two people doing TA on the same price history can end up getting opposite results, so TA should always be taken with a grain of salt and ideally be backed with underlying justification and not be blindly followed. In fact, I’ve since corrected the ascending wedge I had on SPY since my last post since this new wedge is a better fit for the new trading data.
There’s a few things going on in this chart. The entire bull rally we’ve had since the lows can be modelled using a rising wedge. This is a pattern where there is a convergence of a rising support and resistance trendline, along with falling volume. This indicates a slow decline in net bullish sentiment with investors, with smaller and smaller upside after each bounce off the support until it hits a resistance. The smaller the bounces, the less bullish investors are. When the bearish sentiment takes over across investors, the price breaks below this wedge - a breakdown, and indicates a start of another downtrend.
This happened when the wedge hit resistance at around 293, which is around the same price as the 200 day moving average, the 62% retracement (considered to be the upper bound of a bull trap), and a price level that acted as a support and resistance throughout 2019. The fact that it gapped down to break this wedge is also a strong signal, indicating a sudden swing in investor sentiment overnight. The volume of the break down also broke the downwards trend of volume we’ve had since the beginning of the bull rally, indicating a sudden surge of people selling their shares. This doesn’t necessarily mean that we will go straight from here, and I personally think that we will see the completion of a heads-and-shoulders pattern complete before SPY goes below 274, which in itself is a strong support level. In other words, SPY might go from 282 -> 274 -> 284 -> 274 before breaking the 274 support level.
VIX Daily
Doing TA is already sketchy, and doing TA on something like VIX is even more sketchy, but I found this interesting so I’ll mention it. Since the start of the bull rally, we’ve had VIX inside a descending channel. With the breakdown we had in SPY yesterday, VIX has also gapped up to have a breakout from this channel, indicating that we may see future volatility in the next week or so.
Putting Everything Together
Finally, we get to my thesis. This entire bull rally has been fueled by new retail investors buying the dip, bringing the stock price to euphoric levels. Over the past few weeks, we’ve been seeing the people waiting at the sidelines for years to get into the stock market slowly FOMO into the rally in smaller and smaller volumes, while the smart money have been locking in their profits at an even slower rate - hence an ascending wedge. As the amount of new retail interest in the stock market started slowed down, the amount of new bulls started to decline. It looks like Friday might have been the start of the bearish sentiment taking over, meaning it’s likely that 293 was the top, unless any significant bullish events happen in the next two weeks like a fourth round of stimulus, in which case we might see 300. This doesn’t mean we’ll instantly go back to circuit breakers on Monday, and we might see 282 -> 274 -> 284 -> 274 happen before panic, this time by the first-time investors, eventually bringing us down towards SPY 180.
tldr; we've reached the top
EDIT - I'll keep a my live thoughts here as we move throughout this week in case anyone's still reading this and interested.
5/4 8PM - /ES was red last night but steadily climbed, which was expected since 1h RSI was borderline oversold, leaving us to a slightly green day. /ES looks like it has momentum going up, but is approaching towards overbought territory now. Expecting it to go towards 284 (possibly where we'll open tomorrow) and bouncing back down from that price level
5/5 Market Open - Well there goes my price target. I guess at this point it might go up to 293 again, but will need a lot of momentum to push back there to 300. Seems like this is being driven by oil prices skyrocketing.
5/5 3:50PM - Volume for the upwards price action had very little volume behind it. Seeing a selloff EOD today, could go either way although I have a bearish bias. Going to hold cash until it goes towards one end of the 274-293 channel (see last week's thesis). Still believe that we will see it drop below 274 next week, but we might be moving sideways in the channel this week and a bit of next week before that happens. Plan for tomorrow is buy short dated puts if open < 285. Otherwise, wait till it goes to 293 before buying those puts
5/5 6PM - What we saw today could be a false breakout above 284. Need tomorrow to open below 285 for that to be confirmed. If so, my original thesis of it going back down to 274 before bouncing back up will still be in play.
5/6 EOD - Wasn't a false breakout. Looks like it's still forming the head-and-shoulders pattern mentioned before, but 288 instead of 284 as the level. Still not sure yet so I'm personally going to be holding cash and waiting this out for the next few days. Will enter into short positions if we either go near 293 again or drop below 270. Might look into VIX calls if VIX goes down near 30.
5/7 Market Open - Still waiting. If we break 289 we're probably heading to 293. I'll make my entry to short positions when we hit that a second time. There's very little bullish momentum left (see MACD 1D), so if we hit 293 and then drop back down, we'll have a MACD crossover event which many traders and algos use as a sell signal. Oil is doing some weird shit.
5/7 Noon - Looks like we're headed to 293. Picked up VIX 32.5c 5/27 since VIX is near 30.
5/7 11PM - /ES is hovering right above 2910, with 4h and 1h charts are bullish from MACD and 1h is almost overbought in RSI. Unless something dramatic happens we'll probably hit near 293 tomorrow, which is where I'll get some SPY puts. We might drop down before ever touching it, or go all the way to 295 (like last time) during the day, but expecting it to close at or below 293. After that I'm expecting a gap down Monday as we start the final leg down next week towards 274. Expecting 1D MACD to crossover in the final leg down, which will be a signal for bears to take over and institutions / day traders will start selling again
5/8 Market Open - Plan is to wait till a good entry today, either when technicals looks good or we hit 293, and then buy some SPY June 285p and July 275p
5/8 Noon - Everything still going according to plan. Most likely going to slowly inch towards 293 by EOD. Will probably pick up SPY puts and more VIX calls at power hour (3 - 4PM). Monday will probably gap down, although there's a small chance of one more green / sideways day before that happens if we have bullish catalysts on the weekend.
5/8 3:55PM - SPY at 292.60. This is probably going to be the closest we get to 293. Bought SPY 290-260 6/19 debit spreads and 292-272 5/15 debit spreads, as well as doubling down on VIX calls from yesterday, decreasing my cost basis. Still looks like there's room for one more green day on Monday, so I left some money on the side to double down if that's the case, although it's more likely than not we won't get there.
5/8 EOD - Looks like we barely touched 293 exactly AH before rebounding down. Too bad you can't buy options AH, but more convinced we'll see a gap down on Monday. Going to work on another post over the weekend and do my updates there. Have a great weekend everyone!
submitted by ASoftEngStudent to wallstreetbets [link] [comments]

What the whales are doing with STA, spoiler alert, it's pretty damn bullish

So I've seen the rise, fall, and now stabilization of STA and decided to do some research. But why do I want to do research on a shitcoin? Because my hope is, it's not a shitcoin.
What you are doing with statera is buying a "stake" in SNX, Link, BTC, ETH, and STA through an index fund (balancer pool), if BTC moons then the index fund buys more SNX, Link, ETH, BTC, and STA, if STA moons the pool buys more SNX, Link, BTC, and ETH. If Link, ETH, SNX, and BTC all go up then the pool buys more STA forcing STA's price to go up. It's basically a way to gain exposure to all 5 assets simultaneously while balancing your risk. The interesting part is that STA is deflationary, it destroys itself with each transaction (we've already seen supply dwindle by 7 million STA), this reduces supply, increasing demand, increasing price. It's basically a leveraged index fund on BTC, ETH, Link, and SNX all projects I invest directly in and support. If we have a bull cycle STA will moon. (Disclaimer, there is no free lunch, if there is an error in the code or a back door, or if something goes awry with the balancer, this could go down in flames, they are currently auditing the code with a third party which will give us more assurance. It is also decentralized so there is less counter-party risk, as long as that decentralization holds, which the audit will help us understand. Other than a black swan catastrophic failure, this is an incredible investment on paper, if you think the other 4 assets will go up, because them going up forces the buying of STA by the balancer pool, which is basically an altruistic whale that wants STA to be less volatile while trending up in price).
There is a term in investing called accumulation phase, for us in crypto when someone like Grayscale buys 150% of all bitcoins being mined, or buys tens of millions in crypto every week, do you think they just put a market order into Coinbase Pro? No. They could do an Over The Counter (OTC) trade with an individual, they agree on a price, and a large purchase is made individual to individual (but I doubt they continue to find a bunch of bitcoin whales to give them the thousands of bitcoins they want). So what do you do? If you buy thousands of bitcoin the price will unnaturally go up as people spot your demand and inflate the order books to take your money then the price crashes once you, the biggest buyer, is out of the market, leaving you with a heavy bag. So you enter an accumulation phase, a simplified example:
Your target to buy a stock is $5-$10, you are happy buying at any price in that range. The price is at $8, so you put in a few orders and a few more 10 shares at a time so no one sees you as a whale, the prices starts going up, you have now purchased 1,000 shares and the price is $9.99, so you sell 800 shares all in one big order, everyone freaks out seeing this "huge" (huge in our example) order from presumably a whale who is spooked by market sentiment, price crashes to $6. You start buying again $20 at a time, and build your stack back up to 1,500 shares, the price has hit $8.99 and just to throw the market off (doing it again at $9.99 would be too obvious) you sell 1,000 shares. Rinse repeat. You have now bought 500 shares at the price you want where as, if you had bought 500 shares all at once, the price would have sky rocketed to $20 and then fell back to earth (say back down to $10) and you'd be holding shares at a 100% premium. This is highly simplified but hopefully gives you an idea of how accumulation works and maybe even makes you wonder if bitcoin is not going through this exact thing as we speak.
But on to Statera, so I decided to look at the whales in this space, you can check my work,go to the contract addressthen click on "holders" the list is constantly changing, addresses 10 and 11 leapfrogged address 9 and are now 9 and 10 respectively. I put the first four digits of the address so you can specifically check my work. I would say what I found is highly bullish (but make your own conjectures). First off the spread of addresses is HEALTHY, the biggest whales (top 50 address) all hold .5-2% of the supply each. The biggest holder (the developer) holds 4.6% of supply (the best I can tell you can mask your holdings and shuffle them all over so it's nearly impossible to really tell). Also there are only 1,700 people in the coin, we are still VERY early, this is more than a 50% increase in a week. Lastly the balancer pool (which balances the index) has over $350,000 in it up over 50% in the last week, this is arguably the most important metric, the liquidity here is what allows the balancing to happen and the STA price to be forced to go up, this is a huge amount of liquidity for something only held by 1,700 people, it's actually quadruple the liquidity of the trading pairs on Uniswap! Long story short the balancer pool is armed and ready to balance and support STA.
So there is no one holding 90% of supply (that we can tell) who is waiting to dump on you, we're in the early stages and seeing a lot of health in the token, and there is a lot of liquidity here. Now, the top 13 addresses:
1 (0x43) Dev Account started with all 101,000,000 then started pushing out to exchanges and balancer pool, sent 50 million right off the bat to 0x0e (balancer pool or uniswap) fun account to look at you kind of get to see the genesis of the coin.
2 (0x28) "Bought" a ton to start, hodler (weirdly sold a VERY small amount, around 10,000 of his over two million). I put bought in quotes because this account got it's STA from 0x6a, which is also where account 11 got it's from, 0x6a seems like an exchange account that people are buying from, but I would love for someone to confirm what 06xa is, balancer pool related, exchange related, developer related?)
3 (0x92) Hodler straight up, not a move, though the dump on this account came from another account that is now zero, could be a similar situation to address 6 where it is a "cold storage" for someone trading with other accounts
4 (0x13) PLAYING the exact game I showed above sell buy sell buy repeat (buys are bigger than sells)
5 (0xC2) Bought big, trickle sold, bought big, currently trickle selling (possibly PLAYING the game)
6 (0xD7) interesting one, bought 1.9 million STA for 1,354 digital Rand (What a deal!) then transferred all their STA from one account (0x67 currently no STA) to this account, now semi holding, small sells, sold 40,000 in all of 1.7 million. Not sure why he transferred could be intentional to mask moves, could be moving to hardware wallet, could be moving to exchange, unknown. Seems like a HODLER.
7 (0x7c) PLAYING THE EXACT GAME...
8 (0x0e) Contract (looks like balancer pool related)
9 (0x59) Contract (looks like balancer pool related)
10 (0xd8) PLAYING THE GAME
11 (0xb0) got a large dump from 0xc69 and is now holding (which now has 0) and if you keep tracing it back and back you get to the first account in the chain (0x6a, which also funded 0x28, which now has 615,000, and is either interacting with the balancer or trading, again please someone explain I can't), this could be a whale splitting his buckets or two large individuals who did an OTC trade, but more likely it's one person who is doing a lot of trading and accumulating. I would put PLAYING THE GAME, as the other accounts it came from are accumulating, but not completely clear. It seems like she may be using this as a "cold address" to hodl and then trading with her other account
12 (0x18db) Hodl. Accumulated hard from Uniswap buy buy buy 15, 12, and 6 days ago, hasn't moved since.
13 (0x6c) PLAYING THE GAME
So are we in a whale accumulation phase? Hard to tell, the top 10 addresses (minus 3 for the two contracts and dev) are definitely acting bullish even if they are not accumulating, it seems like 6 of the 10 are in some form of an accumulation phase and the other 4 are hodling. I do see STA as a long term hold, again it's an index fund on four of the biggest names in crypto. This will be a popular investment (if it remains legit, so far it has been highly legit). That being said, this is just 10 addresses, I don't want to spend my whole Saturday on this, if anyone wants to look at the top 50 addresses, please do! I will read and upvote your post. It was reassuring to me at least to see the top addresses are acting like bullish investors. Is the whole STA trader base in accumulation or is this an anomaly? I don't know, you can be the judge or dig deeper yourself.
The best part of this sideways action and the buying and selling of STA in the 4-6 cent range is that every trade burns coin, deflating supply, and making any later bull run even bigger. That's the genius of the coin, with every trade, with everyday, it inherently becomes more valuable (unless Link, ETH, SNX, and BTC all shit the bed, then game over, but that would be game over no matter what game you're playing).
DYOR, don't put in more than you are willing to lose, but as for me, I'm going to be following what the whales are doing and slowly accumulating in this band (4-6 cents seems like a strong buy point, 2-3 cents is an amazing buy point but it rarely dips down that low).
submitted by derelick to CryptoMoonShots [link] [comments]

Urgent Advice Needed - Issues Refunding Money to a Client, Possible Money Laundering?

Hey everyone, so buckle up, this is a story.
I'm a freelance translator with my name and contact info out on several sites to connect translators to clients. So, when I got an email from my customer, L, I didn't think anything of it when she asked me to translate a research paper from German to English. Prior to even opening the document she sent me, I told her I wanted a contract signed - nothing major, just run of the mill stuff. You know, to make sure both of us were protected.
It entailed a 50% deposit for me (this paper was 46 pages and I have a policy that past X amount of words, I need a deposit for any time spent on a project. It's non-refundable, so I get paid even if the project gets canceled). She refused both of those things.
Like most people, I'm in a pretty tough spot right now. I knew I shouldn't have even continued speaking with her, but with my fee agreed upon, I was looking at almost $10,000 for the entire projected when all three phases were complete.
After refusing to sign a contract and agree to a deposit, she told me, and this is a direct quote "the money will be our contract". I was willing to operate on good faith, so I told her I'd get to work when the payment processed.
The amount we agreed on for Phase One was 1150.00, but she sent me - via her "sponsor", some random account in Arizona, even though she claims to be overseas - 7,176.00.
There was no warning, no notice telling me that they were sending me more than we agreed, or that the payment would be coming from Arizona. I contacted L and asked for clarification. She told me it was for payment for the next 2 phases due to start in the fall. I accepted that and kept working.
I finished the project 2 weeks before it was due and sent her the final document. Two days later, she sends at email telling me that the final 2 phases have been postponed and she needs the extra 6 grand or so back, asap.
Well, things happen, whatever. So I asked her how she wanted it returned to her.
This is where shit gets weird.
First, she tells me she wants it done via Zelle, which is connected directly to my bank. She sends me a contact and asks for all of the money to be sent at once. I tell her that since it's a new recipient, I can only send $500 and there's monthly limits on my account as to how much I can send in a 30 day period.
Now, her name is Lara, that's the only person I've been talking to directly. But the name on the Zelle account was Caldon H. I thought that was the name of her sponsor.
She proceeds to ignore my telling her about sending limits and demands a refund. I explain to her again, with screenshots from my banking app backing me up, that I'm limited by sending limits. I tell her that I'll repay her in $500 installments until all the surplus funds are returned.
Not fast enough. She then demands I use Cashapp. Oiy. This was a mess. I did reading and research on the app, since I'd never heard of it before and was alarmed to say the least. But she was sending text after text, email after email demanding a status update. She sends me another account to transfer the money to:
Linda. So, so far we have Lara, Caldon, Linda. Keep count of those names.
I ask who Linda is, no answer, just more demands. Cashapp, true to fashion, fails. I'm unable to add so much as a dollar to my account to send "Linda" and while I wrestle with this and try and find support to contact - HAH - I get payment requests via Cashapp and yet more emails and texts from Lara.
I explain to Lara, once again with screenshots showing that the app isn't working despite my linking both my debit card and checking account to it. She ignores that. Linda sends more payment requests.
I tell her, hey this isn't working. What about Venmo? Paypal? She ignores that and demands wire transfer. She sends account info for someone named Mark. I ask who Mark is, no response. I attempt to send the wire transfer via my banking website and the bank legit tells me that that account does not accept wire transfers. What...
So, more screenshots and then I ask her to double check account and routing numbers. She gets back to me with "the information is correct. Be patient when entering numbers." As if it's my fault.
So I try it again and it fails, again. After that I contact my bank directly and speak with their support line. We do the whole song and dance and they tell me that everything is kosher on my end, but the issue lies with the information I was given, confirming my suspicions.
I send her another email explaining everything, that I'd spoken directly with bank support. She tells me, once again, that the fault is mine and to just go to the post office and get money orders in $1000.00 amounts, leaving the recipient blank...
Yeah you read that right. Leave it blank. Overnight it via Fedex to some guy named James, in Georgia.
Arizona, Georgia, Germany. James, Caldon, Linda, Matthew, Lara.
I tell her point blank, I can't go to the post office. I'm in Idaho and COVID cases are skyrocketing. I'm high risk, so is my partner and one of my two roommates. Like, die for sure, high risk.
I try a wire transfer via Western Union instead. At this point, this has been going on for a week. I've been getting 4am texts and 6am phone calls for a week. She's on me for about 10-12 hours a day.
I'm a full-time student on top of this, with one more semester of undergrad. But classes have taken a back seat so I can deal with this.
Western Union holds the transfer under review and tells me that it will take 6 business days to show up in James' account. I tell Lara and assume that we're on the final leg of this mess.
Surprise, WU cancels the wire transfer. I call support and they tell me it's issues with the account I'm sending money to. I tell Lara and she starts getting snappy.
We try wire transfers for the last time, this time to someone named Matthew Green, different Matthew than the first, in Dallas. It fails. I spend $60 trying to send them. My bank calls ME and says they're concerned about fraud. I tell them I'm trying to send money and confirm info I was given. Once again, everything is fine with me, but it's issues with the account Lara wants me to send money to. I tell her and once again she changes her track.
She demands, again, money orders, same rules as last time and I tell her no, again and explain why. She ignores that and tells me to do Cashapp, again. We spend an entire day with me telling that I'm not comfortable with Cashapp. It's not dependabe, it doesn't work. There's no support for me to contact if things go wrong - which of course it will - and she insists. She ignores my concerns and insists. I tell her, fine, but I want a written and signed statement from you that you are demanding this and that I'm not responsible if things get messed up and you never get the money.
She signs a statement and the I try again. Same issues. I tell that, in another long email.
By this point, it's been 2 weeks. I'm stressed, drained and tired of her weird behavior. I tell her that I've been understanding and patient with her. I've tried to help her fix her mistake of sending too much money too soon. That we never agreed on that much money and reminding her that SHE refused to sign a contact that would have protected us both.
I tell her, Paypal or Venmo. No cashapp, no wire transfers (which I'm out $60 trying to send fyi). Paypal or venmo. If she doesn't have an account, find someone that does.
She sends me a Paypal account url for someone named Micheal. A new name. I ask who Micheal is, who are these people? Why are they all over the US? She ignores that, demands the money. I try to send payments, but I can't send more than $5 to MIcheal at a time.
I tell Lara and she blames me. Says I'm not doing it right. I'm supposed to send payments in multiple transactions of varying amounts, small to large. "No Tracking info", whatever that means.
I tell her, look, I can't send you anything. Check your account info, I'm tired of this BS. She sends the same info again, nothing about her contacting support for once. I try again. It fails, same issues. I contact support myself and they tell me - - you guessed it, my account is solid. Hers is not. She is why the money isn't going through.
I tell her that and suggest Venmo. At this point, I can't think of anything else and I'm planning on contacting my bank to ask advice, but my last request for Venmo was made at 11:30pm MST. I'd been dealing with this since 8am MST. I was tired, done. I sent that email and screencaps and turned my phone off for the night.
I get up this morning, make my coffee and check my work email. I get an email form Lara saying that I'm the reason the payments are failing "once again" and "following my instructions, now. Send it via Venmo, no tracking info. Do it now."
I decide to be a sport one last time. I try Venmo. It fails.
I'm writing this post to ask for what other steps, legally, I need to take to protect myself. Once again, she didn't sign a contract. I've saved all emails and texts, and all of them show they we agreed on 1150.00 as payment for this job.
They show that I've tried to return the money to her over the course of 2 weeks. She refuses to let me speak to Coldon, Linda, Matthew Green, Matthew M, James (who she claims died yesterday), or Micheal Brown. She answers none of my questions. She sends aggressive emails and so many texts that I had to block her number on my phone.
I'm completely at a loss. The longer this goes on, the less legit it seems and I need some advice. I plan to speak to my bank today and ask if they can refund the money to the account that paid me. I can't get info on that account from Lara, no routing or account numbers. So my hopes are slim.
I have no idea if Lara has any legal recourse or ground to stand on, since she refused to sign a contract and all attempts to return the money to her have failed. As I said, I've saved all emails and texts showing that I tried to work with her.

Any ideas? Anything would help. I want this to be over and done with.

UPDATE: I contacted the fraud department at my bank, explained everything and they said that we see that you've attempted to return the money multiple times and none of it has worked. They said I have 2 more options:
"If they really want that money, offer to send a personal check. We'll start a research claim in the meantime and that will take up to 10 business days to either be resolved, or you will be contacted by a member of the Research Claims department."
I asked what my options are if they refuse a personal check and the banker said "Then you've done everything you can. Wait for the research claim to be resolved or to be contacted. You've done everything you can up to this point and we can see that clearly."
Lara has refused a personal check, demanding a cashier's check instead. I told her "My bank advised me to only send personal checks, not cashier's check. There must be a name and a legit address. I will not leave it blank."
She asked me to send it via bitcoin.
My reply: No. I have filed a research claim with the fraud department of my bank to get to the bottom of this. They will resolve it as they see fit.
That will be my last communication with her.
submitted by aeternamque to legaladvice [link] [comments]

Censorship! 2 weeks of mod actions

As promised for a long time now, here's a breakdown mod actions in the past 2 weeks. I've previously done summaries for longer periods, but as it takes a few minutes to resolve each action, i limited the list to 1000 which corresponds to 2 weeks. The time period is roughly between the evenings of 28 April and 12 May.
I'm still busy with the details of the link and post removals. I've been working on this for 2 days now, so it'll take me until the weekend to get through them all. I haven't published the referenced addendum yet.

Bans

There were 8 permabans:
You are a bunch of stinking k####rs. It is going to be great to see all the k####rs die from Covid in the next few months. Viva Covid!!!
There were a few temporary bans. These are usually issued when users ignore multiple requests or warnings about our rules. These are issued in increments of days. It would be useful to issue one for an hour or two, rather than the minimum of 1 day.
Temp bans for abusive language:
Abusive language has been challenged before with accusations of it being anything from "not a school playground" to "1984-era doublethink". It's not acceptable to insult a stranger you're having a conversation with in public, then it's not acceptable to do so here.
Temp bans for misleading content:
And other miscellaneous reasons:
For anyone thinking that we ban whomever our ANC masters tell us to....tell them that I haven't received my kickbacks yet.

Unbans

Beyond the temporary bans coming to an end, there was one permanent ban that was removed, and that was for justluckyme2 who was incorrectly given a permaban, but a temp ban was intended. That was quickly corrected.

Mark submission as spam

This is an action that we use to help train the spam filters. Sometimes we remove spam posts when we should be marking them as spam - which removes the submission as well.
These are sometimes accompanied with bans. We love hearing about everyone's businesses or side hustles, as long as they don't violate reddit's TOS. If you want to but are unsure, send us a modmail. We'll typically direct you to https://www.redditinc.com/advertising

Mark comment as spam

A similar reason, but applies to comments
You might need to use a service like snew to view these.

Approve post

As a part of reddit and our own spam and abuse protection, posts are sometimes caught incorrectly. There are many reasons why a post is incorrectly removed. We aren't told the exact reason for these removals by reddit's spam filters and AutoModerator. While we have our own custom AutoModerator rules (That remove posts to known fake news sites, or flag comments that have some slurs), reddit has their own super-set of AutoMod rules we can't see.
If you can't see your post appearing when looking at the new queue in another browser, then send us a message. We often go through the mod queue which lists removed posts, but might not get to every one.
There were 91 posts approved by moderators. I'll list them in the addendum.

Approve comment

For a similar reason, comments are caught in a filter of sorts. We then approve the comment - if they were incorrectly caught - or confirm removal - if they were correctly caught.
There were 141 comments approved by moderators. I'll list them in the addendum.

Remove post

The very meaning of censorship! No-one likes their content being removed, but we remove posts that don't comply with the sub rules.
There were 346 posts in total removed. 196 of these were removed by AutoModerator for varying reasons. 91 were manually approved by us, a few were confirmed as being spam, but a lot were left as removed. Ideally we should have confirmed removal or approved each of them. Sorry if yours slipped through the cracks. That leaves 150 posts that were removed by moderators.
I'm doing a detailed report on these, so check back later.

Remove comment

You're censoring my views! Comments are generally moderated less than submissions. A post about a vacation in Thailand - for example - might not be relevant, but having a discussion about your Thai vacation in comments is just fine.
There were 302 comments removed. 188 were removed by AutoMod, leaving 113 comments being removed by mods.
I'm doing a detailed report on these, so check back later.

Edit flair

Occasionally someone selects the wrong flair for their post and moderators correct it. There were a few posts whose flair was changed by us:

Distinguish comment or Sticky comment

A moderator can distinguish their comment to appear different to other comments. We normally use them when acting in capacity as a mod, rather than in our own personal capacities (yes, it's possible for these to be distinct). Public removal reasons are distinguished, stickied comments. See addendum for the full list.
There are two ways to provide feedback to why a comment or post was removed. Via a comment, or via modmail. Myself and lengau often do public comments, while other mods send messages. You'll see that some are removed or deleted, because the request (translation, source, etc) was fulfilled.

Lock post or comment

This allows moderators to prevent comments being added to a post or replies made to a comment.
There were no locked posts and a few locked comments. All locked comments were some of the distinguished comments listed in the previous section.

Mute user

This is a feature in modmail - a common messaging system viewable by all mods - that allows communication from a user to be blocked for two days. If we ban a user, there's nothing stopping them from sending us love letters, like the one listed previously. They are often done to stop abusive message being thrown our way for a few days. There were 6 mutes. 3 resulting from permabans, 2 from temporary bans and 1 from a post removal.
Honestly, if we make a mistake with a ban or a removal, don't attack us. Chat with us.

Admin actions

We can see when reddit's admins do moderator actions in our sub. There have been no admin actions in this time period.
In case you're interested, the only action recently listed was performed a month ago, and was the removal of one comment: https://reddit.com/southafrica/comments/fkmczc/walied_josephs_was_in_picknpay_early_this_morning/fktjvcj/

But how can I trust that the data is correct? lovethebacon is clearly a paid ANC agent.

The other mods can verify this information. Use services like snew or removeddit to view removals. And can someone please tell Paul Mashatile that I haven't received my paycheck....ever.
It's worth nothing that different mods have different moderation styles. We don't have a fixed set of guidelines on what should be done in what circumstances, but it's up to each mod to do what they think is best for the sub. If any decision made by the mods should be reversed, let us know, here or in modmail.
submitted by lovethebacon to southafrica [link] [comments]

Updated FAQ-Pre 420

Frequently Asked Questions

Here you will find our Frequently Asked Questions. Hopefully you can find the answer to your question here!

Payments

How can I pay for my order? We currently accept credit/debit cards. We do not currently accept Bitcoin, although we are implementing a system for Bitcoin payments.
My payment was declined, what can I do? It isn’t always obvious to us why a payment was declined. It could be something as simple as using the wrong billing address, or something more complex such as your bank restricting which regions you can purchase from.
My payment was declined but charges are still showing on my statement, why? These are pending payments - your bank will assign funds that were to be used in the order transaction. These funds will be made available to you once our payment provider communicates that the transaction was declined to your bank. You can usually contact your bank to have these funds returned quicker.
What currency do you charge in? Our base currency is USD. Your bank will deal with any currency conversions on their end, this could lead to minor discrepancies between your order total and what your bank eventually charges you.

Ordering

How do I know my order has actually gone through? There are three ways you can use to double check. - If, once your order is complete, you receive an order number on the screen. - You will be sent a confirmation email of your order. (If you can’t find it, check your Junk folder as it might be hiding in there.) - If you log in to your account, the order will show with the status ‘Processing’
Can I add something to an existing order? I’m afraid not. If you'd like to buy new items, you'll need to place a new order.
What is the current status of my order? You can log in to your account to see the status of your order. It will be marked as one of the following: - Processing: This means we have received payment from you and your order is in line waiting to be packed and shipped. - Packed: This means your order has been packed is ready for shipment shortly. You will receive another email notification when your order reaches this step. - Complete: This means your order has been shipped and a tracking number (if using a tracked service) is available for you. You will receive email notification of this status along with your tracking number.
I've provided the wrong address. What can be done? If your order has yet to be sent out, please send an immediate email to us via our Contact Form, or reply to your order confirmation email. If you order has already been shipped you will need to contact the shipping company as soon as possible.
How do I cancel my order? Before your order ships, you can use our Contact Form or reply to your order confirmation to cancel your order.
What voucher codes do you have? We don’t currently offer any voucher codes - we may intermittently offer them for Newsletter subscribers and you can sign up for that HERE.
Your X store doesn't have a strain that I'm looking for, can I order from one of your other stores? Unfortunately, we can only ship to the region specific to each store.

Shipping

Where do you ship to? We ship to most countries in the world! You can select your store based on your location. We do not ship to the following countries: Libya, Turkey, Russia, Somalia, South Africa & Yemen. This due to restrictions with our mailing system in reaching these countries.
How long will it take to ship my order? We aim to ship all orders within 2-3 business days of receiving payment. Sometimes delays can occur when we receive large quantities of orders at the same time.
How long will my order take to arrive? USA: You will receive a USPS tracking number once your order ships. USPS usually delivers within 3-5 days. Canada: If you used a tracked service you will receive a tracking number. Shipping normally takes 3-10 business days, depending on where in the country you are located. Our orders ship from Ontario. UK: Your order will normally arrive 1-2 business days after you receive your shipping email. EU: Orders can take 3-10 business days to arrive, depending on the shipping option chosen. Delays can often occur and shipping could potentially take much longer. A tracked service is highly recommended for EU shipping. Worldwide: It really depends on where you are located in the world. We only offer a tracked service for worldwide orders so you can keep a track of where your order is located.

Strains

Do you sell autoflowers? We ONLY sell autoflowers! All of our strains & freebies are autoflowering and feminized.
What strain would you recommend for me? We don’t provide personal recommendations for strains - all the information we have about strains is detailed on each product page, or you can click HERE to read through our Strain Guide which should provide more insight. Otherwise, you can join our community on Reddit.
When will X strain be back in stock? We can’t always give exact dates on when certain strains will be back in stock, unfortunately. We will announce across social media and via our Newsletter when we have a strain back in stock.

Freebies

How many freebies will I receive with my order? Our freebie tiers are as follows: $15-49: 2 free seeds $50-99: 5 free seeds $100-149: 7 free seeds $150+: 15 free seeds We don’t currently offer additional freebies for orders with a higher value, you can always place multiple order to maximise your freebies though!
Are my freebies automatic? Yes, all of our offerings, including freebies are both automatic and feminsied.
Which freebies will I receive? Our freebies are lucky dip, you may receive anything from our current catalogue, extinct or out of stock strains, or exclusive freebie crosses!
Can you provide some strain information on the freebies I received? Possibly, but not always. If it is a current or past catalogue strain, the information will be on our website. If your freebie is an exclusive freebie cross, these are F1 and untested so we don’t have information on them. If you grow them out and want to provide that information though you can do through our Contact Form. Some of these crosses may find their way into the catalogue if enough people love them!

Contact

How can I contact you? If you have a question for us you can use our Contact Form
Are you active on Social Media? Yes! We have a presence on the following sites: Instagram Reddit AFN
submitted by stan_mephisto to MephHeads [link] [comments]

Would you guys please help me answer this questions about the protocol?

Guys, I’m new to Cardano and I have some doubts that I would appreciate a lot to have some help answering them.
(Just to make things as clear as possible, all questions are honest questions that I really think are important to have answered from a investor POV and all of them I couldn’t find a answer either on Cardano website or on the forum/reddit)
• ⁠How is the “minting” rate? I mean, stakers gain rewards for verifying the network from newly minted ada coins, right? And there is a fixed maximum supply, so, how much ada is minted per block? Are there halvings like in bitcoin and similar chains or is this a fixed minting rate or it is dynamic and tied to the # of tx or something..?
• ⁠Is there a way to know when the Cardano network will achieve 100% of circulating supply (and the minting process comes to an end)?
• ⁠Someone told me that, in the future, the project is going to be self-funded, since a part of the fees from txs are sent to the treasury and the community votes on how to spend it. Is there a way to know how much the treasury has accumulate until now? Are these funds stored on a public address or something?
• ⁠I’m not a techy guy so this is probably why I didn’t understand this, but, what is this about two protocol coding languages (rust and Haskell)? There are two teams developing the code at the same time in different code languages?
• ⁠I’ve searched through the roadmap displayed on Cardano website and it seems a little outdated since it says that Sherley was going to be released on q2 2019 and it’s going to be released now; but one thing I noticed is that only byron, sherley and goguen have topics under “work scope”, with goguen having way less topics than the other two. Both Basho and Voltaire dont have any topic at all under “work scope” but at the same time I’ve read at the website that all 5 phases are being built simultaneously.. what am I missing?
• ⁠looking through the weekly technical reports I could only find reports for goguen part. I’ve looked through almost all 2020 reports and I couldn’t find any topic regarding any other “phase” besides Goguen. How can I know how the development of the other “phases” are doing?
• ⁠how long does an ADA tx takes to have full confirmation? Is it going to get improved under the “scalability” phase or this is only about making more tps possible but keeping the same confirmation time?
• ⁠is the Cardano foundation financial situation public? I mean, the dev team has a fixed cost, how can I know how many time the foundation is going to be able to fund them? Are their financial situation public or just from suppositions based on talking?
I’m sorry if any of those are really simple questions, I tried answering them on my own but I couldn’t find any official/trustable answer.
Thank you guys!
submitted by bundss to cardano [link] [comments]

What the whales are doing in STA

So I've seen the rise, fall, and now stabilization of STA and decided to do some research. But why do I want to do research on a shitcoin? Because my hope is, it's not a shitcoin.
What you are doing with statera is buying a "stake" in SNX, Link, BTC, ETH, and STA through an index fund (balancer pool), if BTC moons then the index fund buys more SNX, Link, ETH, BTC, and STA, if STA moons the pool buys more SNX, Link, BTC, and ETH. If Link, ETH, SNX, and BTC all go up then the pool buys more STA forcing STA's price to go up. It's basically a way to gain exposure to all 5 assets simultaneously while balancing your risk. The interesting part is that STA is deflationary, it destroys itself with each transaction (we've already seen supply dwindle by 7 million STA), this reduces supply, increasing demand, increasing price. It's basically a leveraged index fund on BTC, ETH, Link, and SNX all projects I invest directly in and support. If we have a bull cycle STA will moon. (Disclaimer, there is no free lunch, if there is an error in the code or a back door, or if something goes awry with the balancer, this could go down in flames, they are currently auditing the code with a third party which will give us more assurance. It is also decentralized so there is less counter-party risk, as long as that decentralization holds, which the audit will help us understand. Other than a black swan catastrophic failure, this is an incredible investment on paper, if you think the other 4 assets will go up, because them going up forces the buying of STA by the balancer pool, which is basically an altruistic whale that wants STA to be less volatile while trending up in price).
There is a term in investing called accumulation phase, for us in crypto when someone like Grayscale buys 150% of all bitcoins being mined, or buys tens of millions in crypto every week, do you think they just put a market order into Coinbase Pro? No. They could do an Over The Counter (OTC) trade with an individual, they agree on a price, and a large purchase is made individual to individual (but I doubt they continue to find a bunch of bitcoin whales to give them the thousands of bitcoins they want). So what do you do? If you buy thousands of bitcoin the price will unnaturally go up as people spot your demand and inflate the order books to take your money then the price crashes once you, the biggest buyer, is out of the market, leaving you with a heavy bag. So you enter an accumulation phase, a simplified example:
Your target to buy a stock is $5-$10, you are happy buying at any price in that range. The price is at $8, so you put in a few orders and a few more 10 shares at a time so no one sees you as a whale, the prices starts going up, you have now purchased 1,000 shares and the price is $9.99, so you sell 800 shares all in one big order, everyone freaks out seeing this "huge" (huge in our example) order from presumably a whale who is spooked by market sentiment, price crashes to $6. You start buying again $20 at a time, and build your stack back up to 1,500 shares, the price has hit $8.99 and just to throw the market off (doing it again at $9.99 would be too obvious) you sell 1,000 shares. Rinse repeat. You have now bought 500 shares at the price you want where as, if you had bought 500 shares all at once, the price would have sky rocketed to $20 and then fell back to earth (say back down to $10) and you'd be holding shares at a 100% premium. This is highly simplified but hopefully gives you an idea of how accumulation works and maybe even makes you wonder if bitcoin is not going through this exact thing as we speak.
But on to Statera, so I decided to look at the whales in this space, you can check my work, go to the contract address then click on "holders" the list is constantly changing, addresses 10 and 11 leapfrogged address 9 and are now 9 and 10 respectively. I put the first four digits of the address so you can specifically check my work. I would say what I found is highly bullish (but make your own conjectures). First off the spread of addresses is HEALTHY, the biggest whales (top 50 address) all hold .5-2% of the supply each. The biggest holder (the developer) holds 4.6% of supply (the best I can tell you can mask your holdings and shuffle them all over so it's nearly impossible to really tell). So there is no one holding 90% of supply (that we can tell) who is waiting to dump on you. Top 13 addresses:
1 (0x43) Dev Account started with all 101,000,000 then started pushing out to exchanges and balancer pool, sent 50 million right off the bat to 0x0e (balancer pool or uniswap) fun account to look at you kind of get to see the genesis of the coin.
2 (0x28) "Bought" a ton to start, hodler (weirdly sold a VERY small amount, around 10,000 of his over two million). I put bought in quotes because this account got it's STA from 0x6a, which is also where account 11 got it's from, 0x6a seems like an exchange account that people are buying from, but I would love for someone to confirm what 06xa is, balancer pool related, exchange related, developer related?)
3 (0x92) Hodler straight up, not a move
4 (0x13) PLAYING the exact game I showed above sell buy sell buy repeat (buys are bigger than sells)
5 (0xC2) Bought big, trickle sold, bought big, currently trickle selling (possibly PLAYING the game)
6 (0xD7) interesting one, bought 1.9 million STA for 1,354 digital Rand (What a deal!) then transferred all their STA from one account (0x67 currently no STA) to this account, now semi holding, small sells, sold 40,000 in all of 1.7 million. Not sure why he transferred could be intentional to mask moves, could be moving to hardware wallet, could be moving to exchange, unknown. Seems like a HODLER.
7 (0x7c) PLAYING THE EXAT GAME...
8 (0x0e) Contract (looks like balancer pool related)
9 (0x59) Contract (looks like balancer pool related)
10 (0xd8) PLAYING THE GAME
11 (0xb0) got a large dump from 0xc69 and is now holding (which now has 0) and if you keep tracing it back and back you get to the first account in the chain (0x6a, which also funded 0x28, which now has 615,000, and is either interacting with the balancer or trading, again please someone explain I can't), this could be a whale splitting his buckets or two large individuals who did an OTC trade, but more likely it's one person who is doing a lot of trading and accumulating. I would put PLAYING THE GAME, as the other accounts it came from are accumulating, but not completely clear. It seems like she may be using this as a "cold address" to hodl and then trading with her other account
12 (0x18db) Hodl. Accumulated hard from Uniswap buy buy buy 15, 12, and 6 days ago, hasn't moved since.
13 (0x6c) PLAYING THE GAME
So are we in a whale accumulation phase? Hard to tell, the top 10 addresses (minus 3 for the two contracts and dev) are definitely acting bullish even if they are not accumulating, it seems like 6 of the 10 are in some form of an accumulation phase and the other 4 are hodling. I do see STA as a long term hold, again it's an index fund on four of the biggest names in crypto. This will be a popular investment (if it remains legit, so far it has been highly legit). That being said, this is just 10 addresses, I don't want to spend my whole Saturday on this, if anyone wants to look at the top 50 addresses, please do! I will read and upvote your post. It was reassuring to me at least to see the top addresses are acting like bullish investors. Is the whole STA trader base in accumulation or is this an anomaly? I don't know, you can be the judge or dig deeper yourself.
The best part of this sideways action and the buying and selling of STA in the 4-6 cent range is that every trade burns coin, deflating supply, and making any later bull run even bigger. That's the genius of the coin, with every trade, with everyday, it inherently becomes more valuable (unless Link, ETH, SNX, and BTC all shit the bed, then game over, but that would be game over no matter what game you're playing).
DYOR, don't put in more than you are willing to lose, but as for me, I'm going to be following what the whales are doing and slowly accumulating in this band (4-6 cents seems like a strong buy point, 2-3 cents is an amazing buy point but it rarely dips down that low).
submitted by derelick to ethtrader [link] [comments]

El Royale Casino Payout Process

I have been playing slots online at El Royal Casino and had a nice string of good luck and got my winnings up to $5,400. I had started the payout process when I was at $1000 on May 20th, 2020. So you have to go through a verification process, email them proof of identity and proof of address that is under 60 days old. Then you must wait 3 business days for a response. On the 3rd business day I call and am informed that they are behind and it will probably be the next day. So 4 business days later I get an email stating that my proof of address can’t be used, that one was on me, I send in one that is accepted and hear back another 4 business days later. I am told that good news, my verification had been accepted and I just need to confirm my bitcoin address which I do immediately and am now being told that it will take another 3 business days(I’m assuming now that it will be 4) for them to confirm my confirmation and then they will send me my winnings which will take another 3 business days(again, probably 4) before I will see the money in my bitcoin wallet. And the max payout is $2500. Then to get the other $2500, I will need to start this process over again, though I’m not 100% sure if the last part is true yet. I haven’t seen anything online saying that they don’t pay. Just that the process takes along time. I originally went onto El Royal because I saw on several sites that they voted it the #1 online casino for USA based players. I regularly play on Bitstarz and the payout is immediate. I understand that this is just their payout process and I’m sure it’s in hopes that the player will play down their winnings. Mine just happened to go up and up. And I’m super happy to have won the money assuming that I ever get the money. But I’m really weary about continuing to play there because this process is just too much. I just wanted to inform those of you who are considering playing on this site that it will be a nice stretch of time and a lot of hoops to get your money. And I won’t know if they actually even pay for another 8 business days I’m assuming. If you are a USA based player and your looking for an online casino that pays quick and is fair, I suggest Bitstarz! If you don’t really care about how long it takes then El Royal seems like an ok place. Good luck to you!
submitted by Piper6933 to onlinegambling [link] [comments]

[H] Cheap PC Games | Steam , Uplay , Microsoft | Starts at $4 [W] Crypto/Steam

Welcome to my PC Games Market ! With the purchase you will be able to play the games for only a fraction of the original price . We offer both Singleplayer only and Multiplayer games.
Features:
- Games are unrestricted and can be played from any region.
- All the accounts are legally purchased and no risk of losing it.
- Up to date updated with all DLCs. -
Do not have to wait for the game/DLCs to be cracked.
- Cheap prices as low as $4.
Vouches : Here
Proof: Here
Single Player Only :
*You will only be able to play the game in offline mode *
Red Dead Redemption 2 $6
Resident Evil 3 $5
Mortal Kombat 11 Premium Edition $4
Anno 1800 Complete Edition $4
F1 2019 Legends Edition $4
Planet Zoo Deluxe $4
Monster Hunter World + Iceborne $4
Life is Strange 2: All Episodes $4
Assassins Creed : Odyssey Gold Edition $4
Metro Exodus + DLCs $4
Football Manger 2020 $4

Multiplayer Included :
*You are able to play the game on your own Microsoft Account*
Forza Horizon 4 Ultimate $8
Forza Horizon 3 Ultimate $6
Forza Motorsport 7 Ultimate $6
Sea of Thieves $8
Gears 5 Ultimate $6
State of Decay 2 Ultimate $4
Xbox Game Pass for PC - 12 Months $12
Contact:
PM me in reddit (or)
Discord : Phoenix#7688 ( PM if you wanna join my server )
Payment:
Bitcoin / Steam
Terms:
  1. Warranty : 30 days ( Replacement will be provided if any issues).
  2. Change in account credentials are not allowed.
  3. An activator with a key will be provided which can be used to automatically login to the client. The files are clean but if any Anti Virus falsely detects as a threat, you will have to make an exception or disable it until you get the games set up.
  4. Usage of Multiplayer mode are not allowed ( Except Microsoft Store games ).
  5. Make sure to meet the minimum spec requirements of the game.
  6. Sharing or distribution of the games are not allowed .
  7. It may take up to 2 hours after order confirmation to deliver the game ( Usually only 5-10 min).
  8. No refund . Only Replacement if there is any issues.
  9. By purchasing from me , you automatically agree to all these terms.
FAQ:
1. Are these cracked accounts ? No , they are legally owned by our team. And you get to play the games for a very affordable price.
2. After purchase , do I own these accounts ? No . The accounts are only shared to you to play the games in offline.
3. Is there warranty available ? Yes . Since these accounts are owned by us , they should be working for a very long time . We do provide 30 days warranty , just in case the account gets banned or something.
4. Can I play the Online/Multiplayer mode? No . Online/Multiplayer mode are not allowed ( Except for Microsoft Games).
5. I am new to this and don't know how this work ? No worries ! We will provide you with a detailed guide with pictures . You will have no issues.
submitted by Phoenix_Ftw to REDDITEXCHANGE [link] [comments]

[H] [W] Cheapest PC Games on Reddit | Steam , Uplay , Microsoft | Starts at $4 Crypto/Steam/Skrill/Neteller

Welcome to my PC Games Market ! With the purchase you will be able to play the games for only a fraction of the original price . We offer both Singleplayer only and Multiplayer games.
Features:
- Games are unrestricted and can be played from any region.
- All the accounts are legally purchased and no risk of losing it.
- Up to date updated with all DLCs. -
Do not have to wait for the game/DLCs to be cracked.
- Cheap prices as low as $4.
Vouches : Here
Proof: Here
Single Player Only :
*You will only be able to play the game in offline mode *
Red Dead Redemption 2 $6
Resident Evil 3 $5
Mortal Kombat 11 Premium Edition $4
Anno 1800 Complete Edition $4
F1 2019 Legends Edition $4
Planet Zoo Deluxe $4
Monster Hunter World + Iceborne $4
Life is Strange 2: All Episodes $4
Assassins Creed : Odyssey Gold Edition $4
Metro Exodus + DLCs $4
Football Manger 2020 $4

Multiplayer Included :
*You are able to play the game on your own Microsoft Account*
Forza Horizon 4 Ultimate $8
Forza Horizon 3 Ultimate $6
Forza Motorsport 7 Ultimate $6
Sea of Thieves $8
Gears 5 Ultimate $6
State of Decay 2 Ultimate $4
Xbox Game Pass for PC - 12 Months $12
Contact:
PM me in reddit (or)
Discord : Phoenix#7688 ( PM if you wanna join my server )
Payment:
Bitcoin / Steam / Skrill / Neteller
Terms:
  1. Warranty : 30 days ( Replacement will be provided if any issues).
  2. Change in account credentials are not allowed.
  3. An activator with a key will be provided which can be used to automatically login to the client. The files are clean but if any Anti Virus falsely detects as a threat, you will have to make an exception or disable it until you get the games set up.
  4. Usage of Multiplayer mode are not allowed ( Except Microsoft Store games ).
  5. Make sure to meet the minimum spec requirements of the game.
  6. Sharing or distribution of the games are not allowed .
  7. It may take up to 2 hours after order confirmation to deliver the game ( Usually only 5-10 min).
  8. No refund . Only Replacement if there is any issues.
  9. By purchasing from me , you automatically agree to all these terms.
FAQ:
1. Are these cracked accounts ? No , they are legally owned by our team. And you get to play the games for a very affordable price.
2. After purchase , do I own these accounts ? No . The accounts are only shared to you to play the games in offline.
3. Is there warranty available ? Yes . Since these accounts are owned by us , they should be working for a very long time . We do provide 30 days warranty , just in case the account gets banned or something.
4. Can I play the Online/Multiplayer mode? No . Online/Multiplayer mode are not allowed ( Except for Microsoft Games).
5. I am new to this and don't know how this work ? No worries ! We will provide you with a detailed guide with pictures . You will have no issues.
submitted by Phoenix_Ftw to Redditbays [link] [comments]

[H] Cheapest PC Games on Reddit | Steam , Uplay , Microsoft | Starts at $4 [W] Crypto/Steam/Skrill/Neteller

Welcome to my PC Games Market ! With the purchase you will be able to play the games for only a fraction of the original price . We offer both Singleplayer only and Multiplayer games.
Features:
- Games are unrestricted and can be played from any region.
- All the accounts are legally purchased and no risk of losing it.
- Up to date updated with all DLCs. -
Do not have to wait for the game/DLCs to be cracked.
- Cheap prices as low as $4.
Vouches : Here
Proof: Here
Single Player Only :
*You will only be able to play the game in offline mode *
Red Dead Redemption 2 $6
Resident Evil 3 $5
Mortal Kombat 11 Premium Edition $4
Anno 1800 Complete Edition $4
F1 2019 Legends Edition $4
Planet Zoo Deluxe $4
Monster Hunter World + Iceborne $4
Life is Strange 2: All Episodes $4
Assassins Creed : Odyssey Gold Edition $4
Metro Exodus + DLCs $4
Football Manger 2020 $4

Multiplayer Included :
*You are able to play the game on your own Microsoft Account*
Forza Horizon 4 Ultimate $8
Forza Horizon 3 Ultimate $6
Forza Motorsport 7 Ultimate $6
Sea of Thieves $8
Gears 5 Ultimate $6
State of Decay 2 Ultimate $4
Xbox Game Pass for PC - 12 Months $12
Contact:
PM me in reddit (or)
Discord : Phoenix#7688 ( PM if you wanna join my server )
Payment:
Bitcoin / Steam / Skrill / Neteller
Terms:
  1. Warranty : 30 days ( Replacement will be provided if any issues).
  2. Change in account credentials are not allowed.
  3. An activator with a key will be provided which can be used to automatically login to the client. The files are clean but if any Anti Virus falsely detects as a threat, you will have to make an exception or disable it until you get the games set up.
  4. Usage of Multiplayer mode are not allowed ( Except Microsoft Store games ).
  5. Make sure to meet the minimum spec requirements of the game.
  6. Sharing or distribution of the games are not allowed .
  7. It may take up to 2 hours after order confirmation to deliver the game ( Usually only 5-10 min).
  8. No refund . Only Replacement if there is any issues.
  9. By purchasing from me , you automatically agree to all these terms.
FAQ:
1. Are these cracked accounts ? No , they are legally owned by our team. And you get to play the games for a very affordable price.
2. After purchase , do I own these accounts ? No . The accounts are only shared to you to play the games in offline.
3. Is there warranty available ? Yes . Since these accounts are owned by us , they should be working for a very long time . We do provide 30 days warranty , just in case the account gets banned or something.
4. Can I play the Online/Multiplayer mode? No . Online/Multiplayer mode are not allowed ( Except for Microsoft Games).
5. I am new to this and don't know how this work ? No worries ! We will provide you with a detailed guide with pictures . You will have no issues.
submitted by Phoenix_Ftw to REDDITEXCHANGE [link] [comments]

[H] Cheapest PC Games on Reddit | Steam , Uplay , Microsoft | Starts at $4 [W] Crypto/Steam/Skrill/Neteller

Welcome to my PC Games Market ! With the purchase you will be able to play the games for only a fraction of the original price . We offer both Singleplayer only and Multiplayer games.
Features:
- Games are unrestricted and can be played from any region.
- All the accounts are legally purchased and no risk of losing it.
- Up to date updated with all DLCs. -
Do not have to wait for the game/DLCs to be cracked.
- Cheap prices as low as $4.
Vouches : Here
Proof: Here
Single Player Only :
*You will only be able to play the game in offline mode *
Red Dead Redemption 2 $6
Resident Evil 3 $5
Mortal Kombat 11 Premium Edition $4
Anno 1800 Complete Edition $4
F1 2019 Legends Edition $4
Planet Zoo Deluxe $4
Monster Hunter World + Iceborne $4
Life is Strange 2: All Episodes $4
Assassins Creed : Odyssey Gold Edition $4
Metro Exodus + DLCs $4
Football Manger 2020 $4

Multiplayer Included :
*You are able to play the game on your own Microsoft Account*
Forza Horizon 4 Ultimate $8
Forza Horizon 3 Ultimate $6
Forza Motorsport 7 Ultimate $6
Sea of Thieves $8
Gears 5 Ultimate $6
State of Decay 2 Ultimate $4
Xbox Game Pass for PC - 12 Months $12
Contact:
PM me in reddit (or)
Discord : Phoenix#7688 ( PM if you wanna join my server )
Payment:
Bitcoin / Steam / Skrill / Neteller
Terms:
  1. Warranty : 30 days ( Replacement will be provided if any issues).
  2. Change in account credentials are not allowed.
  3. An activator with a key will be provided which can be used to automatically login to the client. The files are clean but if any Anti Virus falsely detects as a threat, you will have to make an exception or disable it until you get the games set up.
  4. Usage of Multiplayer mode are not allowed ( Except Microsoft Store games ).
  5. Make sure to meet the minimum spec requirements of the game.
  6. Sharing or distribution of the games are not allowed .
  7. It may take up to 2 hours after order confirmation to deliver the game ( Usually only 5-10 min).
  8. No refund . Only Replacement if there is any issues.
  9. By purchasing from me , you automatically agree to all these terms.
FAQ:
1. Are these cracked accounts ? No , they are legally owned by our team. And you get to play the games for a very affordable price.
2. After purchase , do I own these accounts ? No . The accounts are only shared to you to play the games in offline.
3. Is there warranty available ? Yes . Since these accounts are owned by us , they should be working for a very long time . We do provide 30 days warranty , just in case the account gets banned or something.
4. Can I play the Online/Multiplayer mode? No . Online/Multiplayer mode are not allowed ( Except for Microsoft Games).
5. I am new to this and don't know how this work ? No worries ! We will provide you with a detailed guide with pictures . You will have no issues.
submitted by Phoenix_Ftw to redditbayv2 [link] [comments]

[H] [W] Cheap PC Games on Reddit | Steam , Uplay , Microsoft | Starts at $4 | Crypto/Steam/Skrill/Neteller

Welcome to my PC Games Market ! With the purchase you will be able to play the games for only a fraction of the original price . We offer both Singleplayer only and Multiplayer games.
Features:
- Games are unrestricted and can be played from any region.
- All the accounts are legally purchased and no risk of losing it.
- Up to date updated with all DLCs. -
Do not have to wait for the game/DLCs to be cracked.
- Cheap prices as low as $4.
Vouches : Here
Proof: Here
Single Player Only :
*You will only be able to play the game in offline mode *
Red Dead Redemption 2 $6
Resident Evil 3 $5
Mortal Kombat 11 Premium Edition $4
Anno 1800 Complete Edition $4
F1 2019 Legends Edition $4
Planet Zoo Deluxe $4
Monster Hunter World + Iceborne $4
Life is Strange 2: All Episodes $4
Assassins Creed : Odyssey Gold Edition $4
Metro Exodus + DLCs $4
Football Manger 2020 $4

Multiplayer Included :
*You are able to play the game on your own Microsoft Account*
Forza Horizon 4 Ultimate $8
Forza Horizon 3 Ultimate $6
Forza Motorsport 7 Ultimate $6
Sea of Thieves $8
Gears 5 Ultimate $6
State of Decay 2 Ultimate $4
Xbox Game Pass for PC - 12 Months $12
Contact:
PM me in reddit (or)
Discord : Phoenix#7688 ( PM if you wanna join my server )
Payment:
Bitcoin / Steam / Skrill / Neteller
Terms:
  1. Warranty : 30 days ( Replacement will be provided if any issues).
  2. Change in account credentials are not allowed.
  3. An activator with a key will be provided which can be used to automatically login to the client. The files are clean but if any Anti Virus falsely detects as a threat, you will have to make an exception or disable it until you get the games set up.
  4. Usage of Multiplayer mode are not allowed ( Except Microsoft Store games ).
  5. Make sure to meet the minimum spec requirements of the game.
  6. Sharing or distribution of the games are not allowed .
  7. It may take up to 2 hours after order confirmation to deliver the game ( Usually only 5-10 min).
  8. No refund . Only Replacement if there is any issues.
  9. By purchasing from me , you automatically agree to all these terms.
FAQ:
1. Are these cracked accounts ? No , they are legally owned by our team. And you get to play the games for a very affordable price.
2. After purchase , do I own these accounts ? No . The accounts are only shared to you to play the games in offline.
3. Is there warranty available ? Yes . Since these accounts are owned by us , they should be working for a very long time . We do provide 30 days warranty , just in case the account gets banned or something.
4. Can I play the Online/Multiplayer mode? No . Online/Multiplayer mode are not allowed ( Except for Microsoft Games).
5. I am new to this and don't know how this work ? No worries ! We will provide you with a detailed guide with pictures . You will have no issues.
submitted by Phoenix_Ftw to Redditbays [link] [comments]

[H] Cheap PC Games on Reddit | Steam , Uplay , Microsoft | Starts at $4 [W] Crypto/Steam/Skrill/Neteller

Welcome to my PC Games Market ! With the purchase you will be able to play the games for only a fraction of the original price . We offer both Singleplayer only and Multiplayer games.
Features:
- Games are unrestricted and can be played from any region.
- All the accounts are legally purchased and no risk of losing it.
- Up to date updated with all DLCs. -
Do not have to wait for the game/DLCs to be cracked.
- Cheap prices as low as $4.
Vouches : Here
Proof: Here
Single Player Only :
*You will only be able to play the game in offline mode *
Red Dead Redemption 2 $6
Resident Evil 3 $5
Mortal Kombat 11 Premium Edition $4
Anno 1800 Complete Edition $4
F1 2019 Legends Edition $4
Planet Zoo Deluxe $4
Monster Hunter World + Iceborne $4
Life is Strange 2: All Episodes $4
Assassins Creed : Odyssey Gold Edition $4
Metro Exodus + DLCs $4
Football Manger 2020 $4

Multiplayer Included :
*You are able to play the game on your own Microsoft Account*
Forza Horizon 4 Ultimate $8
Forza Horizon 3 Ultimate $6
Forza Motorsport 7 Ultimate $6
Sea of Thieves $8
Gears 5 Ultimate $6
State of Decay 2 Ultimate $4
Xbox Game Pass for PC - 12 Months $12
Contact:
PM me in reddit (or)
Discord : Phoenix#7688 ( PM if you wanna join my server )
Payment:
Bitcoin / Steam / Skrill / Neteller
Terms:
  1. Warranty : 30 days ( Replacement will be provided if any issues).
  2. Change in account credentials are not allowed.
  3. An activator with a key will be provided which can be used to automatically login to the client. The files are clean but if any Anti Virus falsely detects as a threat, you will have to make an exception or disable it until you get the games set up.
  4. Usage of Multiplayer mode are not allowed ( Except Microsoft Store games ).
  5. Make sure to meet the minimum spec requirements of the game.
  6. Sharing or distribution of the games are not allowed .
  7. It may take up to 2 hours after order confirmation to deliver the game ( Usually only 5-10 min).
  8. No refund . Only Replacement if there is any issues.
  9. By purchasing from me , you automatically agree to all these terms.
FAQ:
1. Are these cracked accounts ? No , they are legally owned by our team. And you get to play the games for a very affordable price.
2. After purchase , do I own these accounts ? No . The accounts are only shared to you to play the games in offline.
3. Is there warranty available ? Yes . Since these accounts are owned by us , they should be working for a very long time . We do provide 30 days warranty , just in case the account gets banned or something.
4. Can I play the Online/Multiplayer mode? No . Online/Multiplayer mode are not allowed ( Except for Microsoft Games).
5. I am new to this and don't know how this work ? No worries ! We will provide you with a detailed guide with pictures . You will have no issues.
submitted by Phoenix_Ftw to market [link] [comments]

What to Do if Your Bitcoin Transaction Gets HOW TO DEPOSIT BITCOIN INTO HUGOSWAY Bitcoin Cryptocurrency for Beginners Slow Bitcoin Transaction Confirmation? - Do This! How transactions are verified in Bitcoin Blockchain - Longest chain rule explained

BTC requires 6 confirmations, which will take approximately 60 minutes LTC requires 16 confirmations, which will take approximately 40 minutes ETH requires 50 confirmations, which will take approximately 17 minutes BCH requires 20 confirmations and without accurate block confirmation times this can take upwards of two hours. Why Your Bitcoin Transactions Are Taking So Long to Confirm. If you have sent a bitcoin payment in the last couple of weeks, you may have noticed that your transactions are taking much longer than expected to confirm. Note that until your payment has six confirmations on the bitcoin blockchain, the recipient will not have access to the Bitcoin transactions are atomic in nature which means that they either get confirmed and the recipient gets the bitcoins or they don’t get confirmed and the coins remain in your wallet. It can take up to 2 weeks for bitcoin full nodes to forget about your unconfirmed transaction. How long does it take to confirm a Bitcoin transaction? As mentioned earlier, a Bitcoin transaction generally needs 6 confirmations from miners before its processed. The average time it takes to mine a block is 10 minutes, so you would expect a transaction to take around an hour on average. Why Are Bitcoin Confirmations So Slow? Bitcoin confirmations can be slow because of many reasons. Of course, one is that the minimum confirmation time itself is 10 minutes, but it usually takes longer than that, and that’s because: Either your transaction fee is too less. Or there is too much load on blockchain already.

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What to Do if Your Bitcoin Transaction Gets "Stuck"...Unconfirmed

Each confirmations represent adding each block. Each confirmation will take on an average of around 10 minutes or more per block. Applying the longest chain rule and proof of work, unconfirmed... Update About Bitcoin Payment Issue.Contact Me-https://goo.gl/WSRYd6 How to create backup PHRASE in your BLOKCHAIN ACCOUNT- https://goo.gl/myRFb5 How to create your BLOKCHAIN ACCOUNT- https://goo ... Google Ads Tutorial For Beginners 2019 - Google AdWords Tutorial For Search Campaigns - Duration: 40:05. Surfside PPC Recommended for you Bitcoin Explained Simply for Dummies - Duration: 12:49. 99Bitcoins 973,400 views. 12:49. Why You Shouldn't Pay Off Your Collection Accounts In 2020 - Duration: 31:17. Mr. Bitcoin Basics (Part 1) - "Explained For Beginners" - Duration: 24:27. Chris Dunn 980,996 views. 24:27. 1 Cryptocurrency Trading Strategy To Make $100 Day Trading Bitcoin - Duration: 13:17.

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